The game of Candlepins was founded in 1880 by Justin P. White in Worcester Massachusetts as an alternative to Ten Pins, which he felt was too easy of a game. Where scores of 300 (a perfect game) was attainable in Ten Pins, since 1880 no one has rolled a 300 game in Candlepins.
The pins were made of wood and varied in size since the pins need constant sanding on their ends to remain upright. These are the 10-inch broomsticks that Justin P. White found when he purchased the alleys at 37 Pearl Street in Worcester Massachusetts in 1879.
Together with a 3-inch ball, this must have been quite a challenge. It is little wonder that this experiment in bowling was short-lived. However, this discarded equipment germinated the idea of the candlepin in J. P. White's mind. In 1894, Justin P. White invented the Candlepin that would be used for the next 100 years.
Several different pins were tried after 1894. The "Worcester" pin would generally be used in that region, in the seaboard area; the "Boston" pin would be used. Most houses used whatever pin suited their clients tastes.
The lanes of that period varied in length from 30 to 60 feet as did the balls. In 1893, Jack Monsey devised the rules and regulations for Candlepin bowling and he standardized the equipment used to play the game.
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