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Historical-Archaeological Libr - 3 Reviews - 2400 E Fort Ave, Baltimore, MD - General Libraries Reviews - Phone (410) 962-4290

Historical-Archaeological Libr

2400 E Fort Ave
Baltimore, MD 21230
(410) 962-4290
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In 1812, American troops invaded Toronto and burned down the Governor's house, the Parliament building and the newspaper, "York Express." In reprisal, Admiral Cochrane, with the ...


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Put Ft. McHenry on your list of "must see" places in Baltimore. 7/2/2006

In 1812, American troops invaded Toronto and burned down the Governor's house, the Parliament building and the newspaper, "York Express." In reprisal, Admiral Cochrane, with the help of Generals Cockburn and Ross, invaded Washington on August 19, 1814 and burned the President's house, the Treasury, the War Office and destroyed the Navy Yard. Only the walls of the President's house remained and when it was later rebuilt, the fire damage was covered over with white paint, hence the name "White House." Admiral Cochrane then turned his sights on Baltimore. Its harbor was shallow and the Americans had sunk a number of vessels across the harbor approach. Some 14,000 men were amassed for the defense of Baltimore. On September 12, 3800 British troops disembarked at North Point for a flank attack on the city. A naval assualt began the following day. On land, General Ross was shot dead, and on sea, after a night of bomardment, Old Glory still waved at daybreak. The battle had been witnessed by a Baltimore counsel, Francis Scott Key, who was on board the British ship Surprise to negotiate the release of Dr. William Beanes. The British had developed rockets as offensive weapons five years earlier. When used at night, the propellant burned with a fiery red glow and the shell or casing burst like a bomb, all of which Key penned in his poem which would later become our National Anthem. Today, visitors to Ft. McHenry can relive the battle through multi-media exhibits, walk in the footsteps of those who defended Baltimore and look out over the Chesapeake Bay where the Surprise was anchored. The visitor's center houses a large exhibit and the Naval Academy choir provides a stiring rendition of our national anthem. Plan on spending at least a couple of hours. The Fort's history after the War of 1812, especially its roles in the American Civil War and the World War I, are fascinating and well documented. The Water Taxi is the best way to visit. Pros: Beautiful view of Chesapeake Bay and Key Bridge Cons: The ramparts are not too convenient for those with walking problems but it is a fort afterall. more

Historical 8/9/2002

The fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine is a very interesting place to visit. You can see cannons and cannon balls. You can see where the soliders live and work. more

fun and historical 8/7/2002

and not as expensive as other Baltimore attractions. Fun to take a water taxi ride to. Pros: cheaper than aquarium more
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  • The Background
    Anticipating the British attack on Fort McHenry, Major George Armistead requested "a flag so large that the British will have no difficulty in seeing it from a distance." Lit up by the British "rockets' red glare," the banner was also closely watched by American Francis Scott Key. His poem about the unsuccessful 25-hour siege became the American national anthem in 1951.

    The original hangs in the Smithsonian, but a star-spangled banner waves over Fort McHenry. Strategically located above the harbor's mouth, this star-shaped fortress has maps and informative displays retelling the fateful 1814 Battle of Baltimore. Fort McHenry's bombardment and Key's writing of "The Star-Spangled Banner" are commemorated each September with Defender's Day celebrations. Festivities include the ceremonial procession of a replica flag, battle reenactments and concerts culminating in fireworks.

  • 3/9/2004 Provided by Citysearch

Additional information

  • Hours:

    Sep 7-Jun 4: daily 8am-4:45pm; Jun 5- Sep 6: daily 8am-7:45pm
  • Payments:

    Master Card, Discover, Visa
  • Neighborhoods:

    Locust Point